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India

Whether you are looking for investing into Indian companies or establishing first contact with our business partners we have prepared for you tons of informations about doing business in India, Indian culture and investment opportunities. Samse goes the other way around, if you are Indian company with right product or services and you would like to enter the central european market, contact the Indian Chamber of Commerce and Culture first. We are partnering with the best companies and consultants both in Slovakia and India. Review below Indian sectors to get better overview of the market in India. Do you have product or service which you think will interest Indian market? Contact us.

Sectors in India

Automobile
  • Seventh largest producer in the world with an average annual production of 23.36 Million vehicles.
  • Third largest automotive market by volume, by 2016.
  • Four large auto manufacturing hubs across the country.
  • 7.1% of the country’s GDP by volume.
  • Six Million-plus vehicles to be sold annually, by 2020
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Car Components
  • Second largest steel producer by 2015.
  • India has overtaken the US to become the third largest steel producer in the world with a production of 14.56 Million Tonnes in first two months of the year – World Steel Associations
  • USD 38.5 Billion turnover in 2014-15.
  • Exports of auto components increased at a CAGR of 15% to USD 10.2 Billion during FY 09-14
  • USD 11.2 Billion in exports for 2014-15.
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Aviation
  • Ninth largest civil aviation market.
  • 163 Million passengers in 2013.
  • 60 Million international passengers by 2017.
  • 85 international airlines connecting over 40 countries.
  • Third largest aviation market by 2020.
  • 800 aircraft by 2020.
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Defence
  • Third largest armed forces in the world.
  • 31.5% of budget spent on capital acquisitions.
  • 60% of requirements met by imports.
  • INR 250 Billion to be invested in 7-8 years.
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Biotechnology
  • Third biggest biotech industry in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • Second highest number of USFDA–approved plants.
  • USD 3.7 Billion to be spent on biotechnology from 2012-17.
  • No. 1 producer of Hepatitis B vaccine recombinant.
  • USD 100 Billion industry by 2025.
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Chemicals
  • Third largest producer in Asia.
  • Eighth largest producer worldwide.
  • The estimated size of market is USD 100 Billion
  • Fourth largest global producer of agro chemicals.
  • India accounts for approximately 16% of the world production of dyestuff and dye intermediates.
  • Total production of the Indian chemicals industry 21.2 Million Tonnes during 2014-15.
  • Production of polymers is around 6.53 Million Tonnes with imports of around 3.73 Million Tonnes during 2014-15.
  • Chemical Sector is most diversified, covering more than 70,000 commercial products.
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Construction
  • USD 1 Trillion investments for infrastructure sector projected during 2012-17
  • USD 650 Billion investments in urban infrastructure estimated over next 20 years.
  • 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) permitted through the automatic route for townships, cities.
  • Construction sector contributes towards 8% of the Indian GDP (at constant prices). Last five year estimates (2006-07 to 2010-11).
  • Additional Fact: increased to 3.85 lakh crore (7.9% of the total GDP) in 2010-11 from 284798 crore (8% of the total GDP) in 2006-07.
  • Additional Facts: Growth rate for GDP in construction 8.1%
  • 100 Smart Cities and 500 AMRUT Cities will invite investment of 2 Trillion Rupees in the next five years.
  • INR 62,009 Crore. would be invested under Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in urban areas.
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Mining
  • 50 year mining leases.
  • 302 Billion Tonnes of coal reserves.
  • The number of operational mines were 3025 during 2014-2015.
  • India is the 6th largest iron ore reserve in the world. India is 8th largest bauxite ore reserve in the world.
  • India is 4th largest iron ore producer in the world and 5th largest bauxite ore producer in the world.
  • India has vast minerals potential with mining leases granted for longer durations of 50 years.
  • The demand for various metals and minerals will grow substantially over the next 15 years.
  • The power and cement industries also aid growth in the metals and mining sector.
  • India’s strategic location enables convenient exports.
  • India’s per capita steel consumption is four times lower than the global average.
  • India has the world’s 8th largest reserve base of bauxite and 6th largest base of iron ore, accounting for about 5% and 8% respectively of total world production.
  • India is 4th largest iron ore producer in the world and 5th largest bauxite ore producer in the world.
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Information Technology
  • USD 146 Billion – expected 2015 revenues.
  • USD 200 Billion in savings for companies in the last five years.
  • 640 offshore development centres for 78 countries.
  • USD 300 Billion industry by 2020.
  • The IT-BPM sector constitutes 9.5% of the country’s GDP and contributes significantly to public welfare.
  • India’s IT industry amounts to 55% of the global market, largely due to exports.
  • 60% of firms use India for testing services.
  • Rapidly growing urban infrastructure has fostered several IT centres in the country.
  • The Indian IT industry has saved clients USD 200 Billion in the past five years.
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Electronics
  • Third largest pool of scientists in the world.
  • USD 29 Billion consumer electronics market by 2020.
  • USD 94.2 Billion – demand projected by 2015.
  • 9.88% industry growth rate between 2011-15.
  • 2 government-driven incentives – National Knowledge Network & National Optical Fibre Network.
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Electrical Machinery
  • 10.5% rate of market expansion between 2007-12.
  • 14.8% yearly increase in exports in the last eight years.
  • Market-oriented reforms, such as the target of ‘Power for All’ and plans to add 88.5 GW of capacity by 2017 and 93 GW by 2022.
  • Incentives for capacity addition in power generation will increase the demand for electrical machinery.
  • Indian manufacturers are becoming more competitive with respect to their product designs, manufacturing and testing facilities.
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Food Processing
  • 195.25 Million Hectares of Gross Cropped Area.
  • 65.26 Million Hectare of Net Irrigated Area.
  • 127 agro-climactic zones.
  • 42 mega food parks being set up with an allocated investment of INR 98 Billion.
  • A rich agriculture resource base - India was ranked No.1 in the world in 2013 in terms of production of bananas, mangoes, papayas, chick peas, ginger, lemons & limes, whole fresh buffalo milk, goat milk and buffalo meat.
  • India ranks second in the world in the production of sugarcane, dry beans, lentils and safflower oil. Further, India is at third position in the production of cabbages, cashew nuts, cauliflower, coconuts, garlic, onions, green peas, potatoes, rice paddy, tea, wheat and tomatoes.
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Leather
  • USD 12 Billion industry.
  • 10% of the world’s leather production.
  • 24% growth projected in the next five years.
  • 55% of workforce below 35.
  • India is the second largest producer of footwear and leather garments in the world
  • The total production of the Indian leather industry stands at over USD 12 Billion with great potential for exports and a huge domestic market.
  • Exports are projected to grow at 24% per annum over the next five years.
  • The domestic market is expected to double in the next five years.
  • Comparative advantages in cost of production and labour costs.
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Sectors in India

Oil and Gas
  • 96 Trillion Cubic Feet of estimated shale gas reserves.
  • 47 Trillion Cubic Feet of proven natural gas reserves.
  • 740 MMT of proven oil reserves.
  • Fourth largest consumer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world.
  • Second largest refiner in Asia.
  • Import content in oil & gas sector is in the range of 15% for refinery to 70% for upstream.
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Pharmaceuticals
  • Third largest pharmaceuticals market by 2020 in terms of incremental growth.
  • 20% of global exports in generics, making it the largest provider of generic medicines globally.
  • USD 45 Billion in revenue by 2020, revenue of USD 55 billion by 2020 as base case, and can grow to USD 70 billion in a aggressive case scenario.
  • USD 26.1 Billion in generics by 2016.
  • USD 200 Billion to be spent on infrastructure by 2024.
  • India's filing of Drug Master Files's (DMF's) with USFDA as of Dec 2013 is 3411, the highest filed by any country in the world.
  • Total exports of Drugs, Pharmaceuticals for 2013-14 at USD 15,095 million, recording a growth rate 2.5% over the corresponding period of previous years.
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Shipping and Ports
  • 88 projects involving investment of INR 380 Billion approved in last three years.
  • 45 Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).
  • 12 major ports.
  • 64 non-major ports handling EXIM cargo.
  • 1521 Million Metric Tonnes in cargo capacity(2014-15).
  • INR 175 Billion invested in last three years.
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Thermal Power
  • 123 Billion Tonnes of proven coal reserves.
  • 1,355 Billion Cubic Metres of proven natural gas reserves.
  • Fifth largest producer of electricity.
  • Fifth largest consumer of electricity.
  • 100% FDI permitted under automatic route in the power sector.
  • The government is targetting a capacity addition of 88.5 GW during 2012-17 and 86.4 GW during 2017-22.
  • As of March 31, 2013, total coal reserves stood at 298.94 Billion Tonnes, out of which 123.19 Billion Tonnes were proven reserves.
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Renewable Energy
  • Fifth largest power generation portfolio.
  • Fifth largest wind energy producer.
  • 271.722 GW of installed capacity as of 31.03.2015.
  • Target of 1,00,000 MW of solar power by 2022.
  • India has the fifth largest power generation portfolio worldwide with a power generation capacity of 271.722 GW.
  • Economic growth, increasing prosperity, a growing rate of urbanisation and rising per capita energy consumption has widened access to energy in the country.
  • Current renewable energy contribution stands at 77 GW of the total installed capacity of 271.722 GW in the country as on 31.03.2015.
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Space
  • India’s space programme stands out as one of the most cost-effective in the world.
  • 33 countries and three multinational bodies have formal co-operative arrangements in place with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • 30 spacecraft in differing orbital paths.
  • Through the last four decades, India’s space programme has attracted global attention for its accelerated rate of development.
  • India’s cost-effective space programme has launched 51 satellites for 20 countries to date and has the potential to serve as the world’s launchpad.
  • The ISRO has forged a strong relationship with a large number of industrial enterprises, both in the public and private sector, to implement its space projects.
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Railways
  • Fourth largest rail freight carrier in the world.
  • Indian Railways envisages an investment of INR 8.5 lakh crore in the next five years.
  • 1.3 Million strong workforce.
  • World’s largest passenger carrier.
  • 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the railway infrastructure segment has been allowed recently which has opened up opportunities for participation in infrastructure projects such as high-speed railways, railway lines to and from coal mines and ports, projects relating to electrification, high-speed tracks and suburban corridors.
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Roads and Highways
  • USD 3.8 Billion outlay planned for highways.
  • 5.23 Million kms of roads and highways.
  • USD 19 Billion infrastructure development between 2012-17.
  • 1,00,087 kms of National Highways.
  • 112 completed Public Private Partnership Projects and 149 Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects under progress.
  • The transport sector constitutes 6% of the country's GDP and 70% of the share of the roads sector.
  • India has an extensive road network of 5.23 Million kms which is the second largest in the world.
  • More than 60vo of freight and 90% of the passenger traffic in the country is handled by road.
  • The Government of India has launched major initiatives to upgrade and strengthen highways and expressways in the country.
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Textile and Garments
  • First in global jute production.
  • Largest cotton producer in the world.
  • Seven Million Tonnes of FBP in 2013-14.
  • 59% of the world’s market share in textiles and garments.
  • Second largest textile manufacturing capacity globally.
  • Second largest fibre producer in the world.
  • 24% of the world’s spindles.
  • 8% of the world’s rotors.
  • India has the second largest manufacturing capacity globally.
  • The Indian textile industry accounts for about 20% of the world’s spindle capacity and 10% of global rotor capacity.
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Media and Entertainment
  • INR 204 Billion film industry by 2019.
  • INR 1,026 Billion in 2014 revenues.
  • Second largest TV market in the world.
  • 168 Million television households in 2014.
  • INR 45 Million animation industry.
  • 800 TV channels.
  • India has a large broadcasting and distribution sector, comprising approximately 7800 satellite TV channels, 6000 multi-system operators, around 60,000 local cable operators, 7 DTH operators and few IPTV service providers.
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Tourism and Hospitality
  • 6.88% of India’s GDP during 2012-13.
  • USD 20.236 Billion in Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) through tourism during 2014.
  • 1281.95 million Domestic Tourist Visits during 2014.
  • 32 world heritage sites.
  • 7.7 Million Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) during 2014
  • 21 Central institutes of hotel management.
  • 78 jobs with every USD 1 Million invested.
  • 25 bio-geographical zones.
  • GDP World Rank 12
  • 20.236 Billion USD FEEs through tourism (2014); 9.7% Growth Rate over 2013.
  • Tourism in India accounted for 6.88% of the GDP during 2012-13, and tourism the third largest foreign exchange earner for the country.
  • India registered 7.7 Million FTAs in 2014, registering an annual growth of 10.2% over the previous year.
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Wellness
  • Second largest exporter of Ayurvedic and alternative medicine in the world.
  • INR 490 Billion wellness market.
  • 6200 indigenous herbal plants.
  • INR 1 trillion wellness market by 2015.
  • Potential to generate three million job opportunities.
  • The country has developed vast AYUSH infrastructure comprising of 736,538 registered practitioners.
  • India has an unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine which are a treasure house of knowledge for both preventive and curative healthcare.
  • The demand for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and herbal products is surging in India and abroad. India is the second largest exporter of AYUSH and herbal products.
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Telecommunication and Mobile
  • India is currently witnessing healthy mobile subscriber growth.
  • With an increase of 8.70 mln in Feb 2016, total mobile subscriber base has reached 1026.66 million
  • Urban mobile subscriber share stands at 57.23% as compared 42.77% of rural subscribers.
  • Bharti Airtel is the largest telecom 248,690,245, followed by Vodafone with 197 mil users and Idea Celluar with 175 mil.
  • The top 3 operators accounted for over 72 percent of total additions in February 2016.
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